When your dog is ill, you will not be aware of it immediately as dogs have an instinctive way of covering up illness until it gets really bad. If you notice any change in your dog’s behavior, then look closely for any vital clues which may be indication of illness. You can basically look for signs, such as the way your dog drinks, eats, drags, drools or even having gained some weight. These indications may not all be serious but you need to talk to your veterinary doctor if they continue for more than two days. Here are some of the usual illness that afflict dogs and which can be easily treated with the right medication.
Flea allergy dermatitis
A single flea bite can cause some extremely sensitive dogs to start scratching the backside or groin, biting around the tail, licking and generally being very uncomfortable. Some dogs can even rip off clumps of hair in the affected area or even chew on it. Sometimes, that area may become bare exposing the inflamed, raw and sore skin which will be indicated by bumps and scabs. If left untreated, bacterial infection will set in and can create serious problem for the dog. A simple intradermal skin test is generally conducted by the vet and if the dog tests positive, the correct medication is prescribed.
The medications are to control the biting and scratching until it subsides or until you get the flea control program system. In severe cases, prescription medications are intermittently given, especially during hot and humid weather when fleas are most likely to attack.
Flea bite which causes anemia
When there is blood loss due to the exposed sores dogs become anemic, as they too have red blood cells in their bodies which determines their health status. When there is too much blood loss, the red cells are unable to develop fast to replace that loss in a sickly dog.
Since a single flea can bite hundreds of times in a day, the dog can suffer severe consequences due to a mild infestation. If your dog exhibits pale gum, weakness and lethargy, consult your vet immediately.
Your vet can immediately rid the dog of fleas with medication and attend to the anemia as well. In the case of very weak and anemic dogs, blood transfusions are given along with intensive care medications.
Tapeworms due to flea bites
The tapeworms are ingested by the dog through a flea carrying tapeworm eggs. The eggs are then matured in the dog’s intestinal tract, clinging on to the lining of the small intestine and draining the nutrients as they pass through the tract. The dog will suffer from fatigue, increased appetite and weakness despite eating well. This is often accompanied by constipation or diarrhea.
If you suspect that your dog has tapeworm infection then check the stool, as tapeworms will come out as rice grains or small white worms. You can take a stool sample and get an evaluation from the vet. In very severe cases, your dog will be unable to walk and will become paralyzed from waist downwards.
The vet will prescribe suitable medication and with regular treatment, the dog will recover from the attack.
Fleas are the most active transmitter for various ailments in dogs. As long as you get the right diagnosis from the vet and treatment followed up, you will be able to combat illness in your dog.